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An Investment Planning-Types, Benefits, Investment Policies





Investment plan -

an investment plan is a way to grow your money over time by buying or building assets. If done properly, investing can provide a means to achieve financial stability in the future. By investing in the right assets at the right time, investors can create a snowball effect of financial aid that grows exponentially.

Everyone wants to invest their money to get the most out of it while minimizing the risk. In today's economy, it is important to have a sound investment plan to achieve financial stability. Money alone will not do. It is important to raise money. If you want to maximize the potential of your money, you should keep it in a bank account. It's like missing out on an opportunity to make more money.

Different stages of life require different amounts of money. Money needs to be saved for various purposes, such as a child's wedding or education, or for retirement. Many people look for better investment plans that offer high returns to build a large financial corpus. There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this problem, as there are many investment options available. However, one of the various investment plans offered by various life insurance providers is one of the available options.


What is an investment plan? -

Investment plans are financial products that allow you to build wealth for the future and meet financial goals by investing over time in various investment plans, funds, and schemes. Investment plans help teach investors How to be disciplined with their money so that they can accumulate wealth over the long term and achieve their long-term financial goals.

Some of these best investment plans in India provide us with a way to systematically invest our money in various money market products to reach financial objectives. Investment plans provide the benefits needed to achieve long-term savings goals and build wealth for the future. The first step in creating an investment plan is to assess your financial needs and risk profile. Then, you can select a suitable investment plan.


Some of the best investment options in India include:


  1. Unit Linked Investment Schemes (ULIPs)

  2. Public provident fund

  3. Monthly Income Scheme

  4. Mutual funds

  5. Senior Citizen Savings Scheme

  6. Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana

  7. Tax Saving Fixed Deposit


Types of investment plans –

Before making any investment, make sure you do proper research and choose an investment plan that offers long-term sustainable returns, capital appreciation, and tax-saving benefits. Before deciding which investment to make, it is important to consider the risk involved. Risk assessment in an investment plan can be done by looking at the likelihood or probability of an asset either declining in value or not living up to expectations. We have classified various investment schemes according to their risk factor.


The following are the types of investment plans –


1. ULIP

2. Endowment Plans

3. Money Back Plan

4. Fixed Deposit

5. Bonds

6. Public Provident Fund (PPF)

7. National Savings Certificate (NSC)

8. National Pension Scheme (NPS)

9. Mutual Funds

10. Equity Mutual Funds 11. Debt Mutual Funds 12. Tax Saving Mutual Funds


1. ULIP –

If you are looking for an all-in-one insurance solution that provides coverage for wealth creation and tax savings, ULIPs are a good option. You pay either a monthly premium or an annual premium. The premium amount is used for life insurance and part of it is invested in securities, bonds, loans, mutual funds, or other investment vehicles.


2. Endowment Plans –

An endowment plan guarantees that the sum assured will be paid in a lump sum even if the policyholder survives the term of the plan. This plan has set you up to receive a larger amount on reaching maturity, apart from any tax benefits.


3. Money Back Scheme –

Money-back plans combine insurance and investments. These plans offer death benefits in addition to a percentage of the guaranteed amount in the form of regular returns.

You will pay premiums for a specified period, after which you will receive payments from time to time. The plan allows you to save for a few years and then use the money when needed. It is worth noting that the survival benefit comes with an accrued terminal bonus.


4. Fixed Deposit –

Fixed Deposit is one of the oldest and most popular investment schemes in India. It is convenient and easy to use, which makes it a great option for those looking for investment options. It has been submitted by you. The principal amount is free from any tax and the rate of interest remains constant throughout the policy term. If you want to avoid risk, then this is the safest option for you.

You can also take a loan for a fixed deposit. You are eligible to borrow up to 90% of your total financial loan amount. But the loan may not last longer than the fixed deposit due to obvious reasons. However, the recent reduction in interest rates is likely to dampen the popularity of FDs.


5. Bonds –

Bonds are a form of investment in which investors lend money to banks or government institutions. The issuer will pay you the loan and interest together. Interest received on government bonds is taxable.


6. Public Provident Fund (PPF) –

PPF continues to be a popular saving and investment vehicle in India, even after more than forty years of its inception. Investing in PPF has been the best option for most people, mainly because of the attractive interest rates and tax-saving benefits that it offers. Another reason people invest in India is because of the amount they invest and The interest earned is protected by the Government of India.

PPF allows you to take out the loan in the sixth year of your investment and at the rate of 2% per annum. The interest paid on your investment can be withdrawn over the next three to five years.


7. National Savings Certificate (NSC) –

NSC is a tax-saving investment instrument backed by the Government of India. It is available in denominations of Rs 100, Rs 500, Rs 1,000, Rs 5,000 and Rs 10,000. NSCs are paper-based deposits that can be issued by post offices after you make your deposit. The interest rate on National Savings Certificate (NSC) investments varies annually as per the rules set by the Ministry of Finance.

The NSC deal is an attractive proposition for the interest earned, which is tax-free. There is no limit on how much money you can invest. Notable among the uses of NSCs is their ability to serve as collateral for obtaining loans.


8. National Pension Scheme (NPS) –

National Pension Scheme may not be the best investment option in the country. The special pension scheme for government employees has now been extended to regular citizens as well. The Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) oversees a long-term investment option that can provide retirement income. As specified under the Direct Tax Code, NPS funds are exempted from taxation when withdrawn.


9. Mutual Funds –

An investment scheme in which money from investors is pooled by an asset management company (AMC) that invests it in bonds, equities, or securities. We will also quickly discuss equity mutual funds and debt mutual funds, which are excellent high-yield investment options.


10. Equity Mutual Fund –

Under the Equity Mutual Fund scheme, investors invest their money in shares of companies, which are equities. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has laid down guidelines for mutual fund regulation. An equity mutual fund scheme is required to invest at least 65% of its total assets in equities and related instruments.


11. Debt Mutual Fund –

Under the Equity Mutual Fund scheme, investors invest their money in shares of companies, which are equities. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has laid down guidelines for mutual fund regulation. An equity mutual fund scheme is required to invest at least 65% of its total assets in equities and related instruments.

It is important to remember that debt mutual funds can also carry risks related to interest rates and credit risks.


12. Tax Saving Mutual Fund –

Presently there is only one mutual fund option available that offers tax savings- ELSS. The entire amount you invest in an ELSS account is tax-free. The lock-in period is one of the shortest, with a maximum limit of three years, and you need to invest at least Rs 500 to join.


Importance of investment policies

• Investing a portion of your income/savings will help you budget your monthly expenses, invoices, and taxes. Financial planning is essential to help you save money and achieve your financial goals.

• Investment can help cover expenses related to health care, education, etc.

• This fund provides financial security to investors and their families. In the long run, you can switch to a regular source of income when you retire.


Benefits of buying investment policies –

1. Financial Security –

If you want to achieve long-term goals like getting a diploma or retirement pension, you need to make sure that you are investing wisely.


2. Good Returns –

Returns on investment plans are usually better when compared with other investment options, especially in unit-linked insurance plans.


3. Tax Benefits –

You can get a tax deduction for the premium paid under section 80C, and the money you receive on maturity is tax-free under section 10(10)D of the Income Tax Act. Please note that different plans have different tax exemptions and you are advised to review these carefully to find the best plan.


4. Riders Benefits –

You can add riders to your policy like critical illness, accidental death, waiver of premium, etc.


5. Loan –

If you need money in the future, you can also borrow it against your investment. The interest rate varies from company to company.


6. Double Benefit –

You get the benefit of increasing your wealth by investing in the stock market along with saving your money for future needs.


7 factors to remember while choosing a savings investment plan –


savings investment plan –

The savings investment plan is a way to build wealth for the future. It is a lifelong investment plan. It is like life insurance, which offers a high return on investment. These savings investment plans offer some additional benefits, such as capital accumulation and insurance coverage. Investing in savings will not bring any long-term benefits to the investor. It is important to understand the importance of investing and saving, as these schemes give you the best chance of achieving your financial goals.


Things to remember when you choose a thrift investment plan –

Here are seven factors to keep in mind while choosing investment options in a savings policy.


Risk Profile and Risk Tolerance –

Age and personal preference are some of the most important aspects that one should consider while taking a savings policy. People who belong to a younger segment of the population can invest in riskier savings instruments Because their risk appetite is much higher than that of a person who has retired or is above 45. With a higher level of risk, there are higher returns. It depends on whether the investor who is investing his savings is a risk taker, risk-neutral, or risk averse. Provided that the investor has an aggressive risk appetite, he can opt for a savings policy that carries higher risk and yields higher returns.

In the case of a risk-neutral investor, it does not matter to what extent the savings policy and investment plan are risk-averse. The investor will invest regardless of the level of risk. Finally, risk-averse investors want to take only minimal risk, even if they earn low returns. Hence, one needs to carefully identify his risk profile and analyze whether it aligns with the financial schemes he would choose or not.


Financial goals –

Many investors have different types of financial goals. They each have different goals for the short and long term. It is essential to understand the reason for their investment. For some investors, it is to get tax* benefits from the government because if one invests in such schemes they can avail of certain deductions. For some, it is an alternative to taking an annuity. There should be clarity before taking the savings policy and investment plans.


Vesting period –

Savings investment plans should be taken for a vesting period that meets the needs and requirements of the investors. There are many savings schemes that people give up on the basis of this period. It also depends on how much the investor saves. It is known that they may not have a constant rate of savings throughout their lives. Analysis of divergence in savings is a way to diversify risks and determine an effective vesting period for both short- and long-term gains.


Inflation –

Inflation should also be taken into account while investing in a savings policy. Provided the inflation rate is less than the rate of return of the savings policy and investment plan, then only one should take a savings plan. The investor will actually create personal wealth. If the rate of inflation is higher than the rate of return, there will be no real creation of wealth or any capital accumulation. If an investor is investing on a long-term basis, he must analyze and understand both the positive and negative effects caused by inflation.


Understanding plan flexibility –

There should be an investment plan which is flexible. In this case, the flexibility of the plan refers to whether the amount invested can be withdrawn at short-term intervals or whenever there is an emergency – this helps in reducing the risk of contingencies arising in such situations. Having a flexible savings policy ensures short-term financial security and facilitates other benefits like tax* savings and liquidity.


Determination of Expenditure –

While taking a savings plan, it should be understood that the expenditure to be borne by it should be minimal. If most of the capital available to the investor is passed on as expenditure, the actual capital accumulation in the future will also be reduced. Thus, determining and selecting the right plan is of utmost importance. They should compare the various options available under the savings investment plans, and only then should they take an informed decision.


Inflation –

Inflation should also be taken into account while investing in a savings policy. Provided the inflation rate is less than the rate of return of the savings policy and investment plan, then only one should take a savings plan. The investor will actually create personal wealth. If the rate of inflation is higher than the rate of return, there will be no real creation of wealth or any capital accumulation. If an investor is investing on a long-term basis, he should analyze and understand both the positive and negative effects caused by inflation.


Understanding plan flexibility –

An investment plan should be made which is flexible. In this case, the flexibility of the plan refers to whether the amount invested can be withdrawn at short-term intervals or whenever there is an emergency – this helps in reducing the risk of contingencies arising in such situations. Having a flexible savings policy ensures short-term financial security and facilitates other benefits like tax* savings and liquidity. Hence, it is necessary to read the terms and conditions before signing the contract.


Determination of Expenditure –

While taking a savings plan, it should be understood that the expenditure to be borne by it should be minimal. If most of the capital available to the investor is passed on as expenditure, the actual capital accumulation in the future will also be reduced. Thus, determining and selecting the right plan is of utmost importance. They should compare the various options available under the savings investment plans, and only then should they take an informed decision.


Demonstration of plan –

To understand which risk category the scheme falls under, one needs to track the performance of the savings policy and investment plan over the years. This is necessary as it also opens up opportunities for diversification for the investor. The portfolio of investors’ funds requires regular review.


Conclusion –

Savings accounts offer a variety of options for investing your money, including policies that offer high yields and investments that are tailored to your specific financial needs. One of the programs offered through Fortune Guarantee Plus is UIN-110N158V02. Various factors that contribute to making a safe and secure investment decision are also important when choosing a technical approach.

Keeping these factors in mind, you can take an informed decision regarding savings investment plans. This will help you earn money and stay financially secure in the future. Choosing the right savings and investment plan is important so that you can reach your financial goals.


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By Chanchal Sailani | September 27, 2022, | Editor at Gurugrah_Blogs.

 


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