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History of Red Fort - Lahore Gate, Main Facts | Gurugrah.in





Red Fort | Gurugrah.in

Red Fort –

The Red Fort or Red Fort, located in the historical, fortified, Old Delhi area of ​​Delhi, is built of red sandstone. The fort is called “Red Fort”, because of the reddish-red colour of its walls.


This historic fort was selected as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the year 2007. The Red Fort located in Delhi, the capital of India, is a symbol of the country’s pride and independence. This historical monument built during the Mughal period is included in the list of World Heritage and is one of the major tourist destinations of India. People from all corners of the world come to see the beauty, grandeur and charm of the Red Fort and admire its royal architecture and unique architecture.


Red Fort Architecture –

The Red Fort of Delhi reflects the brilliance of Mughal architecture, which blends with various local building traditions such as Persian, Timurid and Hindu architecture. The Red Fort has influenced the architecture of the major monuments of Delhi, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh that followed.


History of Red Fort –

A very beautiful museum is also built inside this grand fort built in 1648 AD. Spread over 250 acres of land, this magnificent fort tells the story of the deep struggle against the Mughal monarchy and the Britishers. At the same time, the history of this fort, which is considered the national pride of India, is very interesting.


This royal fort is not only the political centre of the Mughal emperors, but it also used to be the ceremonial centre, which was ruled by the rulers of the Mughal dynasty for about 200 years. The Red Fort, which was a witness to the country's Jung-e-Azadi, is a unique and unique example of Mughal architecture, creativity and beauty.


What is inside the Red Fort? -

• Moti Masjid

• Hayat Baksh Bagh

• Chhatta Chowk

• Mumtaz Mahal

• Rang Mahal

• Khas Mahal

• Diwan-i-Aam

• Diwan-i-Khas

• Heera Mahal

• Princess Quarter

• Tea House

• Eating out

• Nahar-e-Bishto

• hammam

• Baoli


Key facts about Delhi’s Red Fort


Flag hoisting on Independence Day –

The Prime Minister of India hoists the national flag at the Red Fort every year on Independence Day. This tradition has been going on since India got independence from the British on 15 August 1947.


The Red Fort was once a White Fort –

The Red Fort of Delhi is red in colour. But perhaps you will be surprised to know that the Red Fort was once white. The Red Fort was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. It has been mentioned in many places in history that the colour of the Red Fort was once white. According to the Archaeological Survey of India, some parts of the building were made of limestone. When the white stones began to fall out of their place or began to deteriorate, the British painted the building red.


The real name of the fort –

Red Fort was never known by this name before. It was originally known as “Qila-e-Mubarak”. It is mentioned in many places in history that Shah Jahan had built this fort at the time when he decided to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi. At that time the name of the fort was Qila-e-Mubarak, after which it was renamed as Red Fort. It is also said that it was constructed with red stone and bricks, hence the British named it Red Fort and local people called it as Red Fort.


It took even a decade to build the fort –

You will be surprised that it took 10 years to build the fort, which means that the construction of this fort was completed after a decade. The leading architects of Shah Jahan’s time, Ustad Hamid and Ustad Ahmed started its construction in 1638 and finally completed it in the year 1648. The reason for the time is justified because during that time there were no machines and the goods were also limited, but the result of the beauty and strength with which the Red Fort has been built is in front of you.


World Heritage Sites –

The Red Fort has been listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2007 for its historical and cultural significance. India takes great pride in its architectural beauty which we all know as the “Red Fort”.


Lahore Gate –

The two main gates of the magnificent Red Fort include the Delhi Gate and the Lahore Gate. Due to its facing towards the city of Lahore, it is named Lahore Gate. This is because India and Pakistan used to be one country at one time. Even today the Red Fort has two entrances, the Delhi Gate and the Lahore Gate, the Delhi Gate is used as the entrance to the fort for the public. Let us tell you, on Independence Day, the Prime Minister of India comes from Lahore Gate to hoist the national flag.


Bahadur Shah Zafar -

Imprisoned in his own house The last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, waged a rebellion against the British Empire in 1857. After which, when the British found Bahadur Shah Zafar guilty, he was tortured in his own house i.e. Red Fort and later in this building he was imprisoned by the British court in Diwan-i-Khas. After this, he was stripped of his title and sent to Rangoon (now Myanmar).



Fort Tours –

After India’s independence in 1947, the British government handed over this complex to the Indian Army, and since then the army’s office remained there. On 22 December 2003, the Indian Army vacated the Red Fort by removing its 56-year-old office and handing it over to the tourism department in a ceremony. In this ceremony, Defense Minister George Fernandes said that the history of the Armed Forces is associated with the Red Fort, but now is the time to show one aspect of our history and heritage to the world.


The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan ordered the construction of the Red Fort in 1638. Around this time he started building the Taj Mahal in Agra in memory of his late wife. The Red Fort was attacked by the Persian emperor Nadir Shah in 1739 and he took with him the Golden Peacock Throne, which later became the symbol of Iranian emperors.


After the mutiny of 1857, the British army took control of the Red Fort.


Gurugrah.in

 

By Chanchal Sailani | November 15, 2022, | Editor at Gurugrah_Blogs.

 

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