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Information Security Definition, Factors, Importance, Components | Gurugrah

Information Security | Gurugrah

Information Security –

Information security is the practice of protecting information from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, destruction, modification, observation, inspection, and destruction.

Information Assurance –

Most information in our modern age is stored on computers.

Information Security Awareness –

The important role of cyber security will continue, cyber security awareness has and will continue to play a huge role in initiating and promoting the existing understanding and efforts among the people. Irrespective of sector or size, every citizen, all levels of government, educational institutions and industries should promote/support a secure cyberspace. The list of key stakeholders involved in the solution is limitless and therefore, the solution to the problem will emerge as the result of a systematic public-private partnership.

There is a need to run a national awareness campaign and a strategy for cyber security and their role in promoting cyber security to the general public, educational institutions and private industries across the country. Recognizing the role of school students, teachers and schools and universities, a strategy has been made to take cyber security to all of them. Also, we must mobilize dedicated state and local public servants who have shared responsibility for promoting cyber security awareness among state and local government agencies.

Information Technology –

Information technology is related to data acquisition, information storage, protection, transformation, exchange, study, design, etc. and computer hardware and software applications are required for the execution of these tasks. Information technology has become an integral part of commerce and business in the present times. As a result of the communication revolution, now telecommunication is also being considered a major component of information technology and it is also called information and communication technology. As an industry, it is a growing sector.

Definition –

1. In the brief encyclopedia related to information technology –

Information technology is considered to be associated with information. Similar ideas are also expressed in the Dictionary of Computing (Dictionary of Computing). Macmillan Dictionary of Information Technology defines information technology as a micro-system based on computing and telecommunications. The acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of verbal, pictorial, textual and numerical information by electronics.

2. According to the American report, information technology has been defined in these words-

Information technology means the collection, storage, processing, dissemination and use of information. It is not limited to hardware or software only. Instead, the importance of humans to this technology and the achievement of the goal set by it, the value inherent in making these choices, is the criterion used to decide whether humans are controlling (controlling) this technology. And this has enriched his knowledge.

3. Definition of information technology according to UNESCO –

Information Technology, “is a scientific, technological and engineering discipline. And processing of information, and management techniques of their application. Computers and their interactions with humans and machines and related social, economic and cultural issues.

Factors of Information Technology –

Semiconductor Technology: Miniaturization of circuits, increase in computing power, development of integrated circuits with advanced capabilities

Information Storage: Data storage capacity has increased tremendously.

Networking: Due to the tremendous development in optical fibre technology, networking has become cheaper, faster and easier.

Software Technology: Information technology has become more useful with the advent of new and useful software.

Importance of information technology –

• Information technology is the basis of the service economy.

• Information technology is an appropriate technology for the social and economic development of backward countries.

• Poverty can be eradicated only by making poor people information-rich.

• Information-richness (information-richness) leads to empowerment.

• Information technology brings transparency to administration and government, it helps in reducing corruption.

• Information technology is used in planning, policy-making and decision-making.

• It creates new jobs.

• Government policies can be made effective with the help of information technology.

Various components of information technology –

Computer Hardware Technology –

Micro-computers, servers, large mainframe computers as well as input, output and storage devices (devices) come under this.

Computer software technology –

It includes Operating systems, Web Browsers, Database Management Systems (DBMS), Servers and Business/Commercial Software.

Telecom and Network Technology –

Under this, telecommunication medium, processor and wire or wireless-based software, network security, encryption of information etc. are included to connect to the Internet.

human resources

System Administrator, Network Administrator etc.

Impact of information technology –

Information technology has made the whole earth a village. It has given birth to a global economy by connecting different economies of the world. This new economy is increasingly dependent on the creative organization and distribution of information.

Due to this, the importance of information in trade and commerce has increased tremendously. That is why this economy is also called Information Economy or Knowledge Economy. The traditional economy based on manufacturing goods is weakening and the service economy based on information is continuously progressing.

Future of information technology –

With the importance of information, the importance of security of information will also increase. Employment opportunities will increase in information technology-related work, especially the demand for information security and server experts will increase.

Privacy –

Confidentiality is an ethical principle associated with many professions (eg, medical law, religion, occupational psychology, and journalism). In ethics and (in some places) law and in alternative forms of legal dispute resolution, such as arbitration, any communication between a person and one of these professionals is a “privilege”. And it should not be discussed or disclosed with third parties. In jurisdictions where the law provides for such confidentiality, there is usually a penalty for its breach.

Privacy is defined by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in ISO-17799[1] as “Ensure that information is disclosed only to those who are authorized to receive it” and is a milestone in the field of information security. There is stone. Secrecy is a design goal for many cryptosystems, which can be made possible by the techniques of modern cryptography.

Applied in an adaptation of the military’s traditional “need-to-know” doctrine, information confidentiality forms the cornerstone of information security in today’s corporations. The so-called ‘privacy bubble’ limits the flow of information, with both negative and positive consequences.

Information Technology in India –

Language is a powerful medium of expression. Language is an integral part of human life. It is through communication that humans exchange and store information. Due to social, economic, religious or political reasons, different human groups come into contact with each other. Amazing progress has been made in the field of information and communication in the last century. As a result of electronic medium, most part of the world has been connected.

The information technology revolution has opened the doors of knowledge. India is moving towards economic prosperity with the help of information technology with the help of intelligence and language. Sending mail, and electronic commerce have become possible through the Internet. Information technology is being developed through e-administration related to online government work, bank transactions online through e-banking, e-education for educational material etc. New doors of development are opening due to the multifaceted use of information technology.

The Information technology sector in India is developing rapidly. The pace of development has been increased by researching various experiments in this field. The exchange of information, data and knowledge in information technology has spread in every field of human life. The development of information technology is visible in our economic, political, social, cultural, educational, business and many other fields. Continuous experiments are being done in this field with the help of electronic and digital equipment.

The concept of the global village in this era of economic liberalism has been successful because of communication technology. In this new era, electronic mediums like e-commerce, e-medicine, e-education, e-governance, e-banking, e-shopping etc. are developing. Information technology has become a symbol of power and development today. With the advent of information technology in the computer age means of communication, we are entering an information society. There is a need for everyone to benefit from the knowledge and meaningful use of this maximum gift of science and technology.

By Chanchal Sailani | December 20, 2022, | Editor at Gurugrah_Blogs.



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