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Microbiology or Microorganism Best Definitions | Gurugrah.in





Microbiology or Microorganism | Gurugrah.in

Microbiology or Microorganism –

What is Microbiology? –

Microbiology is the scientific study of microorganisms in a way, in which there are many types of micro-organisms – existing as unicellular, multicellular, or acellular. The study of the nature of these microorganisms is called microbiology. These microorganisms are too small to see them under what’s microbiology what is the microbiology of the microscope?


Microbiology is the scientific study of microorganisms in a way, in which there are many types of micro-organisms – existing as unicellular, multicellular, or acellular. The study of the nature of these microorganisms is called microbiology. These microorganisms are so small that a microscope is used to see them. Is used to.


The true study of microbiology is by obtaining much necessary information for vaccines made for many types of diseases and for the treatment of diseases. Biologists use microbiology to develop new methods to combat disease. Companies employ microbiologists to develop new products, which kill viruses and bacteria.


Definition of Microbiology –

Description of Microbiology Microbiology is the study of microorganisms. In this, those living beings are studied. Which are not visible to the naked eye. For example – bacteria, fungi, algae, archaea, prions, protozoa etc.


Father of Microbiology –

Father of Microbiology in. Antoine van Leeuwenhoek considered the father of microbiology, observed all these microscopic organisms using a microscope in the 1670s.


Microbiology is the study of microorganisms that are unicellular or microscopic cell-group animals. These include eukaryotes such as fungi and protists and prokaryotes such as bacteria and archaea. Viruses have not been called permanent organisms or animals, yet they are also studied under this. In short, microbiology is the study of living things that are not visible to the naked eye. Microbiology is a very broad term, which includes virology, mycology, parasitology, bacteriology, and many other branches. Rapid research is being done in microbiology and this field is progressing continuously. So far we have studied perhaps only one per cent of the microorganisms of the whole earth. Although microorganisms were observed about three hundred years ago, microbiology is at its very early stage compared to other branches of biology, such as zoology or plant science.


Microbiology Classes –

The bracket of Microbiology Microbiology or microorganisms is divided into the following classes.

1. Bacteriology

2. Protozoology

3. mycology

4. Phycology

5. Medicine Microbiology

6 Agriculture

7. Plant Pathological Microbiology

8. Industrial Microbiology


Microorganism –

It is a branch of biology that deals with microorganisms such as protozoa, algae, bacteria, and viruses. (microorganism) is studied. In this, microbiologists try to know the positive and negative effects of these bacteria on humans, plants and animals. They help in knowing the cause of diseases. Apart from this, through gene therapy techniques, they also find out about other genetic disorders like cystic fibrosis, and cancer in humans.


Kitcher launch objectives –

Kitcher was the first to design magic lanterns for projection purposes, so he must have been well acquainted with the properties of the lens. He wrote in 1646 about “the marvellous composition of things in nature, examined by the microscope,” “Who would believe that there are innumerable multitudes of vinegar and milk worms.” He also noted that putrid material came from innumerable crawling animals. Is filled. He published his Scutinium pestis (Examination of the Plague) in 1658, correctly stating that the disease was caused by microorganisms, although what he observed was likely red or white blood cells rather than the plague agent.


Harmful effects of microorganisms –

Many diseases are caused by micro-organisms in humans, animals and plants. Bacteria cause diseases like tuberculosis, pneumonia, and typhoid in humans. Ringworm disease is caused by a fungus called Trichophyton and Microsporum, there are many diseases in animals. Anthrax disease in sheep is caused by a bacterium called Bacillus anthrax.

There are many diseases in plants, such as canker disease of lemon, late blight disease of potato by a bacterium called Xanthomonas, and black column of wheat by a fungus called Phytophthora infestans, caused by Pixinia fungus.


Some micro-organisms destroy food items like Rhizopus, Mucor etc.


Microorganisms and their useful effects-

Microorganisms are very useful for humans, humans have been using microorganisms for making curd, vinegar and wine for a long. A bacterium called Lactobacillus is helpful in making curd from milk. In the making of cheese, vinegar, bread and yeast etc. Fungus named East has a special contribution. Apart from this, the following are the uses of microorganisms in our life-

1. In making antibiotics

2. Nitrogen fixation

3. Decomposition of organic matter by microorganisms

4. As Food

5. In an industry

6. In Genetic Engineering


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By Sandeep Kumar | November 01, 2022, | Writer at Gurugrah_Blogs.

 

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